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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
20th January 1883 Betram Home Ramsay, Dunkirk Naval Strategist, was born in London.
20th January 1843 Born today: Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
20th January 1779 Actor David Garrick sadly passed away at The Adelphi buildings.
20th January 1382 King Richard II of England was married to Anne of Bohemia in Westminster Abbey.
20th January 1265 First English Parliament summoned by non-royal command (The Earl of Leicester) met in Westminster Hall.
Grandmother of rap lived here
The great grandmother of rap lived and performed here!
Location: 2 Carlisle Square, Chelsea
Description: Rap music was invented in England by Dame Edith Sitwell in 1922 when, perched atop a stepladder, she recited the poems of Facade through a megaphone over the musical accompaniment of her homeboy Sir William Walton.
Wikipedia states that rap music began in the Bronx during the late 70s, when performers began rhyming over repetitive beats. Grandmaster Flash and the Sugarhill Gang are generally credited as the avatars, with The Message and Rapper's Delight.
Of course, its origins can be traced further back - 50s Beat Poetry over jazz, Jamaican dancehall toasting, Gil Scott-Heron and the Last Poets. There's even a suggestion that Wink Martindale's A Deck of Cards is a rap record ... really.
However, it seems to have escaped rap historians' attention that Facade - first performed privately in 1922 here, and subsequently at The Aeolian Hall in 1923 - is the first example of rapping. What's more, Sitwell's robed, bejewelled appearance was so eccentric that she makes Flavour Flav look like Val Doonican.