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IN THE NEWS

Westfield Stratford City East
Westfield Stratford City East Retail Theme

TOUR OF THE MONTH

The Rolling Stones London Tour
The Rolling Stones London Tour

ON THIS DAY IN LONDON

23rd March 1934 Born today: Bryan Bass, headmaster (City of London School)

23rd March 1933 Born today: Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)

23rd March 1905 Born today: Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)

23rd March 1889 The free Woolwich ferry service was launched by Sir Joseph Bazalgette.

23rd March 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating

23rd March 1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah premieres in London

23rd March 1729 Celebrated satirical painter William Hogarth married Jane Thornhill, daughter of artist Sir James Thornhill.

The World's First Tube Line



The World's First Tube Line

The first Underground Line in the world was opened here in 1863

Location: Off Faringdon Road

Description: The first Underground Line in the world was opened here in 1863 - at Farringdon Tube Station.

It was constructed by the 'cut and cover' method, and brought people from Paddington to the outskirts of the City. The open carriages were pulled by steam engines, which resulted in smoke enveloping the mainly smartly dressed City workers.

For the first four years of operation, passengers could alight here and walk the short distance to Newgate to witness public hangings, which were only abolished in 1867.

Nearby is the Castle Pub, which has three golden balls hanging outside. This is the only pub to have a pawnbroker's license, because the landlord once lent George IV money to cover his gambling debts.

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