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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
16th January 1906 Born today: Diana Winyard, London, actress (Cavalcade)
16th January 1794 Edward Gibbon, historian (Decline and Fall), dies in London at 56
16th January 1759 British Museum opens in London
The World's First Tube Line
The first Underground Line in the world was opened here in 1863
Location: Off Faringdon Road
Description: The first Underground Line in the world was opened here in 1863 - at Farringdon Tube Station.
It was constructed by the 'cut and cover' method, and brought people from Paddington to the outskirts of the City. The open carriages were pulled by steam engines, which resulted in smoke enveloping the mainly smartly dressed City workers.
For the first four years of operation, passengers could alight here and walk the short distance to Newgate to witness public hangings, which were only abolished in 1867.
Nearby is the Castle Pub, which has three golden balls hanging outside. This is the only pub to have a pawnbroker's license, because the landlord once lent George IV money to cover his gambling debts.
Tagged in this Tour: Rebels, Radicals & Rough Justice