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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
23rd April 1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
23rd April 1925 1st London performance of operetta Fasquita staged
23rd April 1881 Gilbert and Sullivan's opera Patience produced in London
23rd April 1775 Artist J.M.W. Turner was born in Covent Garden, London.
23rd April 1705 Richard Steele's Tender Husband, premieres in London
23rd April 1702 The Coronation of Anne I in Westminster Abbey.
23rd April 1685 The Coronation of James II (and VII of Scotland) in Westminster Abbey.
23rd April 1661 English king Charles II crowned in London
23rd April 1661 The Coronation of Charles II in Westminster Abbey.
Hogarth's Southwark Fair
The location for Hogarth's painting of the old Southwark Fair.
Location: Borough High Street, Southwark, SE1 1JD
Description: This is generally thought of as being the place where in 1733 Hogarth painted his chaotic Southwark Fair picture from.
The Southwark Fair, also known as Our Lady's Fair or as St. Margaret's Fair, was made official in 1462 by Edward IV. It used to last up to 14 days in September, beyond the three days allowed by Royal Charter. It was one of the three great fairs of importance described in Charles I's proclamation.
The fair wouldn't last long after this painting was taken, and in 1762 it was suppressed.
It is possible that Hogarth did not originally intend for this work to be a true depiction of the Southwark Fair. Indeed, this work was originally called The Humours of the Fair, a more general title. Only two features distinguish the scene. First, the bell tower of the Church of St. George the Martyr, which was demolished at approximately the time of the Southwark Fair in 1733, looms in the background. Second, Hogarth included a time stamp in the work. One of the stage cloths supposedly advertising the Fall of Bajazet is a copy of The Stage Mutiny, etched by John Laguerre, dealing with a dispute between the managers and some of the actors of Drury Lane Theatre of that year.