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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
23rd August 1940 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
23rd August 1933 First televised boxing match took place in London, between Archie Sexton and Laurie Raiteri.
23rd August 1905 Born today: Leonard Constant Lambert, London England, composer (King Pest)
23rd August 1617 1st one-way streets open (London)
St James Church
Home to the memorial for victims of a Fenian bomb
Location: Clerkenwell Close
Description: St James Church was designed in 1792 by the architect James Carr. It Replaced the former St Marys Nunnery church.
Inside are two tragic memorials - the Protestant Martyrs Memorial and the memorial to the victims of a Fenian bomb. The latter memorial lists six people including children who died when the Irish revolutionaries exploded a bomb outside the nearby House of Detention prison where their colleague, Michael Barratt, was being held. Barratt was later hanged at Newgate in 1867. This was the last public hanging in England.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Clerkenwell was known for its clockmakers. As it was possible to see the Greenwich Observatory form the top of the church tower, clockmakers would climb up to set the time by the red ball which drops at the Observatory each day at 1pm GMT.
Tagged in this Tour: Rebels, Radicals & Rough Justice