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Westfield Stratford City East
Westfield Stratford City East Retail Theme

TOUR OF THE MONTH

The Princess Diana Tour
The Princess Diana Tour

ON THIS DAY IN LONDON

18th November 1987 31 die in a fire at King's Cross, London's busiest subway station

18th November 1905 George Bernard Shaws Major Barbara, premieres in London

18th November 1852 State funeral of duke of Wellington (London)

18th November 1836 Born today: William Schwenck Gilbert, London, composer (Gilbert and Sullivan)

Wapping Station



Wapping Station

An Engineering breakthrough by Marc Brunel since 1824

Location: Nr Wapping Rose Garden

Description: This is the North Bank entrance to Brunel's famous Thames Tunnel, built between 1824 and 1843.

It was the first tunnel built under a major river since Roman times. After two previous attempts had failed, Marc Brunel undertook the project using his invention of a tunnelling shield which allowed the workers to bore manually into the subsoil and line the walls of the resulting tunnel shaft as the work progressed. This method is still used today, except that manual labour is replaced by machines.

It was dangerous work, and 10 people died in the construction of the tunnel. Marc Brunel himself was injured and his son, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, nearly drowned when the partially completed tunnel was flooded.

It was opened in 1843 by Queen Victoria to great acclaim but the money had run out before the planned ramps, which would have allowed horse-drawn carriages to use the tunnel, were built.

It was used as a foot tunnel until in 1869 the East London Line took it over to transport passengers by rail under the river between Rotherhithe and Wapping.

If you have an appropriate Zone 2 ticket you can descend the original shaft on to the platform of what is today Wapping East London Line Station. Here you can see fascinating historical pictures of the tunnel starting from its original use as a foot tunnel.

Tagged in this Tour: Pirates and penthouses at the old London Docks

Themes: TransportTransport Theme  HistoricalHistorical Theme  ArchitectureArchitecture Theme
Ranking This Month: 1584/2749
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Wapping Station

An Engineering breakthrough by Marc Brunel since 1824


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