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TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
18th November 1905 George Bernard Shaws Major Barbara, premieres in London
18th November 1852 State funeral of duke of Wellington (London)
18th November 1836 Born today: William Schwenck Gilbert, London, composer (Gilbert and Sullivan)
The Ship Tavern
This is where James Archer gave secret Catholic mass
Location: 12 Gate Street, London, WC2A 3HP
Description: The Ship Inn or Tavern here is famous for it's previous Priest in residence.
This was the area where where in the 18th Century Catholics secretly assembled for Divine service, the skivvie James Archer attracted the favourable notice of Dr. Challoner and was sent, in 1769, to study at Douai College.
He returned in 1780, after his ordination, to carry on the mission in the public house where he had formerly been employed. Jews had been banished and Catholics were forbidden from practising their religion on the penalty of death.
To get around this Archer would say Mass in the public bar while the congregation sat at tables with tankards of ale. Archer was never discovered but after one Mass, many of his parishioner's were rounded up and executed for heresy in Lincoln's Inn Fields.