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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
22nd September 1924 Illustrator and author Charles Keeping was born in Lambeth.
22nd September 1891 Footballer and writer Charlie Buchan was born in Plumstead.
22nd September 1870 5-time British Wimbledon tennis champion Charlotte Cooper was born in Ealing.
22nd September 1788 Author, practical joker and inventor of the postcard, Theodore Hook, was born in London.
22nd September 1761 The Coronation of George III in Westminster Abbey.
22nd September 1735 Robert Walpole the first British Prime Minister to live at 10 Downing Street.
22nd September 1694 Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, creator of Gregorian calendar, was born in London.
John Harvards Tavern
The location of The Queen's Head, John Harvard's family tavern.
Location: 103 Borough High Street, Southwark, London, SE1 1NL
Description: John Harvard (1607-1638) was born in Southwark and christened at St. Saviour's (Southwark Cathedral), where there's a transept devoted to him.
He was a student at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1627-1635. In 1637, he went to Massachusetts and left 800 and his library of 320 books to a new college which was later named for him.
His family owned the Queen's Head Inn, formerly at 103 Borough High Street, Southwark, and the proceeds of the sale financed Harvard in the New World.
John's mother, Katherine, lost husband Robert and four of her children to the Southwark Plague of 1625. Katherine remarried twice, and acquired ownership of the Queen's Head Inn on Borough Street.
When Katherine died in 1635, the inn went to John, who maintained it for a short time before his departure for America.
The Queen's Head no longer exists as a tavern. The inn started life as the Cross Key Inn but presumably its name was changed in an effort to please Elizabeth I.
In about 1668, after going through a succession of owners, the buildings to the rear of the inn were given over for the use of St Saviour's Grammar School and the Company of Saddlers'. A year later the inn was bought by local brewer, John Applebee, in whose charge it remained until it was pulled down.
The image is of The Back Yard of the Queen's Head Inn, Southwark, 1884.