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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
18th February 1917 Born today: Phyllis Calvert, London, actress (Man in Grey)
18th February 1901 Born today: Reginald Sheffield, London England, actor (Second Chance)
18th February 1775 Born today: Thomas Girtin, London, artist/watercolorist
Francis Galton Lived Here
This is where polymath clever clogs Francis Galton lived.
Location: 42 Rutland Gate, Knightsbridge
Description: Economist and polymath Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) lived here for over fifty years, having moved in in 1858.
At the age of 30 years it was claimed that Galton [h]is experience had been such that he knew more of mathematics and physics than nine biologists out of ten, more of biology than nineteen mathematicians out of twenty, and more of pathology and physiology than forty-nine out of fifty of the biologists and mathematicians of his day.
He studied medicine at King's College London and helped set up The Meteorological Office and the NPL. His book Meteorographica is the first attempt to map the weather on a large scale and is the foundation of meteorology.
He originated the ideas of correlation and regression. He also noted that missionaries have shorter lives than average and that churches are as likely as other buildings to be struck by lightning, burned down or destroyed by earthquakes.
He created the word 'eugenics', founded the Eugenics Society and set up the Eugenics Laboratory at UCL (presumably that which is now called the Galton Laboratory) in 1904. His will established the Chair of Eugenics at UCL, with Karl Pearson to be the first holder. He also invented the ultrasonic dog whistle and developed fingerprinting into a practical method.