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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
21st November 1943 7 Belgian ministers in London sentence King Leopold III
21st November 1941 Born today: Juliet Mills, London England, actress (Nanny and the Professor, QB VII)
21st November 1934 Uiver returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
21st November 1781 Watercolour artist Cornelius Varley born in Hackney, East London.
21st November 1696 J Vanbrughes Relapse or Virtue in Danger, premieres in London
This is where Huggins made groundbreaking discoveries of nebulae
Location: 90 Upper Tulse Hill
Description: Astronomer William Huggins (1824-1910) lived here with his wife Margaret and built a private observatory here in 1856 where they carried out extensive observations of the spectral emission lines and absorption lines of various celestial objects.
On the 29th August 1864, Huggins was the first to take the spectrum of a planetary nebula when he analysed NGC 6543.
He was also the first to distinguish between nebulae and galaxies by showing that some (like the Orion Nebula) had pure emission spectra characteristic of gas, while others like the Andromeda Galaxy had the spectral characteristics of stars.
Huggins' Observatory was demolished sometime after 1915.
He was knighted in 1897 and died here in 1910 aged 86.