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TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
17th July 1968 Beatle's animated film Yellow Submarine premieres in London
17th July 1965 Born today: Alex Winter, London England, actor (Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure)
17th July 1958 Peter Shaffer's Five Finger Exercise, premieres in London
17th July 1949 Born today: Mick Tucker, London, rock drummer (Sweet Harlesden)
17th July 1947 Born today: Camilla Parker-Bowles, London England, Prince Charles' wife.
17th July 1909 Born today: Hardy Amies, London England, royal dressmaker (Queen Elizabeth II)
17th July 1894 Born today: Mary Clare, London England, actress (Evil Mind, Young and Innocent)
17th July 1717 George Frideric Handel's The Water Music premiered when King George I requested a concert on a barge on the River Thames.
This is where Huggins made groundbreaking discoveries of nebulae
Location: 90 Upper Tulse Hill
Description: Astronomer William Huggins (1824-1910) lived here with his wife Margaret and built a private observatory here in 1856 where they carried out extensive observations of the spectral emission lines and absorption lines of various celestial objects.
On the 29th August 1864, Huggins was the first to take the spectrum of a planetary nebula when he analysed NGC 6543.
He was also the first to distinguish between nebulae and galaxies by showing that some (like the Orion Nebula) had pure emission spectra characteristic of gas, while others like the Andromeda Galaxy had the spectral characteristics of stars.
Huggins' Observatory was demolished sometime after 1915.
He was knighted in 1897 and died here in 1910 aged 86.