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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
25th August 1919 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
25th August 1907 Noted publisher Desmond Flower was born in London.
25th August 1867 English scientist Michael Faraday died at home at Hampton Court.
25th August 1776 Admiral Sir Thomas Bladen Capel was born in London.
25th August 1632 Elizabethan dramatist and pamphleteer Thomas Dekker died in London.
25th August 1537 The Honourable Artillery Company is formed in London.
This is where Huggins made groundbreaking discoveries of nebulae
Location: 90 Upper Tulse Hill
Description: Astronomer William Huggins (1824-1910) lived here with his wife Margaret and built a private observatory here in 1856 where they carried out extensive observations of the spectral emission lines and absorption lines of various celestial objects.
On the 29th August 1864, Huggins was the first to take the spectrum of a planetary nebula when he analysed NGC 6543.
He was also the first to distinguish between nebulae and galaxies by showing that some (like the Orion Nebula) had pure emission spectra characteristic of gas, while others like the Andromeda Galaxy had the spectral characteristics of stars.
Huggins' Observatory was demolished sometime after 1915.
He was knighted in 1897 and died here in 1910 aged 86.