IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
4th April 1984 Michael Frayn's Benefactors premieres in London
4th April 1956 Enid Bagnold's Chalk Garden, premieres in London
4th April 1940 Born today: Bijan, Iran, mens apparel designer (Beverly Hills, NYC, London)
4th April 1929 New Moon musical opens in London
Parachute Pioneer lived here
The pioneer of parachutes lived here in Loughton.
Location: Goldings, Clays Lane, Loughton
Description: Everard Richard Calthrop was an engineer with a background in railway engineering and he masterminded the Barsi Railway in India and the Barbados Railway.
On 12 July 1910 Calthrop was present when his friends Charles Rolls, founder of Rolls Royce, died after he lost control of his biplane and crashed. That and a similar, non-fatal, accident involving his son Tev, led Calthrop to invent and patent some of the very first parachutes.
In 1916 Calthrop also patented an ejector seat for aircraft pilots using a new method of utilising compressed air.