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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
23rd March 1933 Born today: Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
23rd March 1905 Born today: Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
23rd March 1889 The free Woolwich ferry service was launched by Sir Joseph Bazalgette.
23rd March 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
23rd March 1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah premieres in London
23rd March 1729 Celebrated satirical painter William Hogarth married Jane Thornhill, daughter of artist Sir James Thornhill.
The atom bomb was born here
Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard made a nuclear breakthrough here
Location: Southampton Row, London
Description: Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard made a nuclear breakthrough here. On the morning of 12th September 1933 Leo read a speech by Ernest Rutherford about splitting nucleii, and was deep in thought on the subject.
...anyone who looked for a source of power in the transformation of the atom was talking moonshine.
He was standing waiting for the lights to change to cross the road where Southampton Row becomes Russell Square. When the lights changed to green and Leo moved off the pavement Leo thought 'What would happen if neutrons were smashed into the nuclei of atoms in a way that released two neutrons from the second atom?'.
Bang, the atom bomb was born.