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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
17th September 1931 Operetta Victoria and Her Husband, premieres in London
17th September 1928 Actor Roddy McDowall (Planet of Apes, Lord Love a Duck), born in Herne Hill, London.
17th September 1924 Crackerjack comedian Peter Glaze was born in London.
17th September 1923 Sutton Vane's Outward Bound, premieres in London
17th September 1922 Born today: Ursula Howells, London, actress (Girly, Murder is Announced)
17th September 1917 Born today: Peter Bennett, London, actor (Leonides-Adv of Sir Lancelot)
17th September 1909 Born today: Elizabeth Wilkinson, professor German University College London
The Man who knew everything
Thomas Young is known as the last man who knew everything.
Location: 48 Welbeck Street, Westminster, W1G 9XL
Description: Thomas Young's epitaph in Westminster Abbey states that he was ...a man alike eminent in almost every department of human learning.
Born a half century after Newton's death, Young (17731829) disproved the great scientist's theory of light, demonstrating with a now-classic refraction experiment that light travels in waves.
He showed how the eye is able to change its depth of focus by becoming more or less convex, and was the first to conceive the correct theory of color vision (which wasn't proved experimentally until 1959) and to accurately explain colorblindness and astigmatism.
In between all of this, he was a practicing doctor and made substantial contributions to translating the Rosetta Stone.
In our age of specialization, it's inconceivable that one man could make breakthroughs in so many different fields; toward the end of his life, Young wrote 63 articles for the Encyclopedia Britannica.
While not yet thirty he gave a course of lectures at the Royal Institution covering virtually all of known science. But polymathy made him unpopular in the academy. An early attack on his wave theory of light was so scathing that English physicists buried it for nearly two decades until it was rediscovered in France. But slowly, after his death, great scientists recognized his genius.
He published many of his first academic articles anonymously to protect his reputation as a physician.
He lived here from 1799 as a practising physician.
There is a plaque here put in 1951, which replaced the previous one erected in 1905.
Tagged in this Tour: London in 4 days