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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
22nd September 1924 Illustrator and author Charles Keeping was born in Lambeth.
22nd September 1891 Footballer and writer Charlie Buchan was born in Plumstead.
22nd September 1870 5-time British Wimbledon tennis champion Charlotte Cooper was born in Ealing.
22nd September 1788 Author, practical joker and inventor of the postcard, Theodore Hook, was born in London.
22nd September 1761 The Coronation of George III in Westminster Abbey.
22nd September 1735 Robert Walpole the first British Prime Minister to live at 10 Downing Street.
22nd September 1694 Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, creator of Gregorian calendar, was born in London.
The Man who knew everything
Thomas Young is known as the last man who knew everything.
Location: 48 Welbeck Street, Westminster, W1G 9XL
Description: Thomas Young's epitaph in Westminster Abbey states that he was ...a man alike eminent in almost every department of human learning.
Born a half century after Newton's death, Young (17731829) disproved the great scientist's theory of light, demonstrating with a now-classic refraction experiment that light travels in waves.
He showed how the eye is able to change its depth of focus by becoming more or less convex, and was the first to conceive the correct theory of color vision (which wasn't proved experimentally until 1959) and to accurately explain colorblindness and astigmatism.
In between all of this, he was a practicing doctor and made substantial contributions to translating the Rosetta Stone.
In our age of specialization, it's inconceivable that one man could make breakthroughs in so many different fields; toward the end of his life, Young wrote 63 articles for the Encyclopedia Britannica.
While not yet thirty he gave a course of lectures at the Royal Institution covering virtually all of known science. But polymathy made him unpopular in the academy. An early attack on his wave theory of light was so scathing that English physicists buried it for nearly two decades until it was rediscovered in France. But slowly, after his death, great scientists recognized his genius.
He published many of his first academic articles anonymously to protect his reputation as a physician.
He lived here from 1799 as a practising physician.
There is a plaque here put in 1951, which replaced the previous one erected in 1905.
Tagged in this Tour: London in 4 days