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IN THE NEWS
TOUR OF THE MONTH
ON THIS DAY IN LONDON
23rd April 1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
23rd April 1925 1st London performance of operetta Fasquita staged
23rd April 1881 Gilbert and Sullivan's opera Patience produced in London
23rd April 1775 Artist J.M.W. Turner was born in Covent Garden, London.
23rd April 1705 Richard Steele's Tender Husband, premieres in London
23rd April 1702 The Coronation of Anne I in Westminster Abbey.
23rd April 1685 The Coronation of James II (and VII of Scotland) in Westminster Abbey.
23rd April 1661 English king Charles II crowned in London
23rd April 1661 The Coronation of Charles II in Westminster Abbey.
It was here that Michael Faraday, Man of Science, was apprentice
Location: 48 Blandford Street, Marylebone, London, W1U 7HU
Description: In an era that was built on imagination, one of England's greatest scientists was himself discovered on the Estate; Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was apprenticed here at 48 Blandford Street at the age of 13.
In 1804, at the age of 13 and after a year's trial, Michael was apprenticed to Mr. Riebau, a bookbinder and stationer, who kept a shop in Blandford Street, Manchester Square. Michael's conduct had been so exemplary that he was taken without a fee.
He later had the good fortune to be employed as laboratory assistant by Humphry Davy, at the Royal Institution, eventually succeeding him as director in 1827.
Michael was fascinated by electrical phenomena and conducted many experiments with electricity and magnets, leading to the discovery that a current could be produced by a change in magnetic intensity. In 1831 he published his 'laws of electromagnetic induction'. He also discovered the laws of electrolysis.
Among Michael's many achievements were constructing the first electric transformer, isolating the compound benzene and discovering diamagnetism.